& types of diaper rash
rash is most commonly caused by the constant wetting and drying of the skin
along with repetitive exposure to a variety of irritating substances.
Once the naturally dry barrier of a baby’s skin has been irritated it
becomes red, warm, rough and can lead to a variety of infections.
The most common irritants are urine, stool, bacteria from urine and
stool, ammonia - which is formed by the baby’s stool breaking down the
chemicals in urine, detergents, perfumes, plastics and dyes from single use
disposable diapers, pre-moistened baby wipes, soaps and reactions to creams.
The term “diaper rash” describes several different kinds of skin
conditions in the diaper area.
Below is a list of the different types of diaper rash and what they
usually look like.
dermatitis (diaper chafing): This is the most common form of diaper rash,
which can make the genital area and folds of the thighs & buttocks appear
red and puffy.
Diaper chafing or the baby being in a wet and dirty diaper for too much
time causes this type of rash.
This type of rash generally comes and goes, causing little discomfort as
long as it’s not complicated by a secondary infection.
This type of rash shows up as red scaly patches on the legs and in the
groin area. This
rash may turn up in other parts of the body first while spreading to the diaper
area between 6 and 12 months of age.
Atopic dermatitis can be caused by many things including allergens, irritants,
environmental and hereditary factors.
dermatitis (yeast infection):
This type of rash is usually tender and painful, appearing in the folds
of the baby’s genitals, legs and the creases between the abdomen and thighs.
This rash will start as small red spots that become more numerous and
then form together as a raised bright red rash with distinct edges.
The most common cause of this type of rash is a baby that is taking or
has been taking antibiotics.
This type of rash appears as a bright to dark redness around the anus.
The stools of bottle fed babies being more alkaline than normal are sometimes
cause it. This
rash will usually not appear with breast fed babies until after solids are
dermatitis (cradle cap): This rash will appear as a deep red rash that is
rough, raised and often has yellowish scales.
This type of rash usually starts on the scalp as cradle cap, although it
can sometimes begin in the diaper region and then its spreads upward.
This rash is usually caused by overactive oil glands in the skin.
Impetigo: This type of rash can appear as yellow-brown crusty patches or pus filled
pimples or blisters, which is usually accompanied by a lot of surrounding
rash can cover the buttocks, lower abdomen, anus, umbilical cord, and thighs and
then spread to other parts of the body. Impetigo is caused by bacteria
(streptococci or staphylococci).
If you think your baby’s rash is a bacterial infection, be sure and
notify your doctor immediately.
Your doctor will most likely prescribe a topical or oral antibiotic.
dermatitis: This rash is an irritation that occurs from the edges or
bindings of a diaper rubbing against the skin.
This rash will appear as a reddened area, which occurs as a result of
skin rubbing on skin.
It is usually found in the folds between the thighs and abdomen and
sometimes in the armpits.
for diaper rash
best treatment for diaper rash is prevention.
The best prevention is keeping your baby’s diaper area clean and dry.
Even with all the prevention in the world, your baby may still get diaper
feel to blame, because it’s very common.
The following preventative measures will help you treat a current case of
rash and also help you prevent reoccurrences.
Change your baby’s diaper as soon as he or she has wet or had a bowel
your baby’s bottom with warm water using wash clothes or cotton balls instead
or blocking ointments: Using an ointment such as Desitin, A&D, Eucerin, zinc oxide or Nivea
on your baby’s bottom can put a protective barrier between urine, stool and
your baby’s skin.
Most doctors recommend avoiding the use of talcum powder, which can cause
lung problems and cornstarch, which can cause yeast to form.
your baby’s bottom more time in the open air without diapers on.
When you’re at home, place your baby on a few cloth diapers or blankets
over a waterproof pad.
The more fresh air that your baby’s bottom is exposed to the faster the
rash will heal.
type of diapers:
If your baby is having a recurring problem with diaper rash try switching
the type of diapers you are using.
If you are using disposable diapers, try switching to cloth.
Some of the dyes and perfumes in disposables may be the cause of your
If you’re using cloth diapers, try putting the diapers through a second
wash cycle in clear water without detergents.
soaps and other irritants:
Limit the use of soap on your baby’s bottom.
Washing with soap 2 or 3 times a week is enough.
Even if you’re using a mild soap for sensitive skin, your baby might be
having a reaction to it.
When your baby has had a bowel movement use plain warm water and wash
clothes or cotton balls to clean his or her bottom.
Baby wipes can cause more irritation to an existing rash and some wipes
contain alcohol, which is very drying to your baby’s skin.
of diaper rash
is the key to keeping diaper rash from occurring.
Below are some ways of preventing diaper rash.
air: Give your baby’s bottom fresh air without diapers on as often as
your baby’s skin being kept dry and clean you may never have to worry about
Cleanliness: Change your baby’s diapers as soon as they become wet or soiled.
With your baby consistently having dry clean diapers on, the probability
of diaper rash decreases substantially.
have shown that the use of single use disposable diapers increases the
likelihood of diaper rash.
Consider using cloth diapers while you’re at home and use disposables
when you are on the go and away from home.
Use a very mild detergent, such as Dreft when washing cloth diapers and
wash clothes that are used to clean your baby’s bottom.
new foods carefully:
When introducing new foods to your baby, stay on one particular food for
at least 3 to 5 days.
If your baby is allergic to a particular food, it will show up within
this time frame.
When should I call and see my
your baby’s diaper rash doesn’t clear up and improve in a day or two, if
blisters appear, if the rash is bright red or has crusted areas, if your baby is
not eating well, if at any time your baby develops a fever or appears to not
feel well, call your doctor immediately.
Your doctor will be able to tell you what type of diaper rash your baby
is experiencing and will tell you the proper way to treat the rash.
Your doctor may prescribe some type of ointment or antibiotic depending
on what type of rash your baby has; the doctor may also want to change your diet
if you are breast-feeding or change your baby’s diet if you’re are
introducing new foods.
use treatments your friends suggest or treatments you may read about instead of
doing what your doctor tells you to do.
Your baby’s doctor knows what is best for your baby.
Health and Baby Care